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    Archetypes

    Here is a list of archetypes:

    The Hero

    A larger-than-life character that often goes on some kind of journey or quest. In the course of his journey, the hero demonstrates the qualities and abilities valued by his culture.

    King Arthur, Odysseus, Luke Skywalker, Frodo

    The Father Figure

    The protector and leader

    Mufasa from The Lion King

    The Mother Figure

    The protective nurturer and gentle provider

    Ma Joad in The Grapes of Wrath

    The Fatal Woman or Temptress

    A woman who uses her power (intellect, magic, or most of all, beauty) to make men, especially the Hero, weak

    Circe and the Sirens in The Odyssey, Lady Macbeth, Morgan le Fey

    The Witch

    A woman, often a hag (though she may be disguised as a beautiful young woman), who attempts to trap and destroy the protagonist

    The Wicked Stepmother in fairy tales

    Monster/Villain

    The antagonist, especially in opposition to the hero.

    The Big Bad Wolf from Little Red Riding Hood, The Giant in Jack and the Beanstalk

    The Innocent

    An inexperienced male or female character that is exposed to the evils in the world

    Dorothy in The Wizard of Oz, Little Red Riding Hood

    The Alter Ego or Double

    Reveals the dual nature of man

    Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde

    Helpers ~ Wise Old Woman or Man ~ Wise Animal

    Characters that assist or guide the protagonist

    Merlin, Yoda and Obi Wan Kenobi in Star Wars, Grandmother Willow in Pocahontas

    The Trickster/The Fool

    Characters who trick others to get them to do what s/he wants – they can be both virtuous and nefarious.

    Puss-in-Boots, Road Runner, Fred & George Weasley


    The Underdog

    Characters who are always in the wrong place at the wrong time, but who usually win something of value in the end.

    The Ugly Duckling, The Frog Prince, Neville Longbottom


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